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Horticulture As A Source Of Income In Nigeria

Discussion in 'Agriculture Business' started by Celestina Angel Serome, Aug 1, 2019.

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  1. Celestina Angel Serome

    Celestina Angel Serome Administrator Staff Member

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    Agriculture is a broad farming sector with different job opportunities available for agriculturist. Whatever your passion is in agriculture there is always a way of making it useful by earning from it. It's no news that agriculture is a lucrative business that has got different working sectors for agriculturist.

    Aside livestock farming and cultivation of crops. Horticulture is another field in agriculture that is lucrative in Nigeria.

    Horticulture is the art and science of growing and handling fruits, nuts, vegetables, herbs, flowers, foliage plants, woody ornaments and turf, it includes plant conservation, landscape restoration, soil management, landscape and garden design, construction and maintenance, and arboriculture. Horticulture feeds us, improves our environment, and through science is helping find answers to future problems. Are you
    well experienced in horticulture, and you would like to have a horticultural business of your own in order to earn from it? Then here are some branches of horticulture you could invest and go into:

    1. Olericulture: this is the production of vegetables, including storage, processing and marketing vegetables. These vegetable crops are grown for their succulent and edible parts, such as the roots, stems, leaves, young tops, flowers, fruits or seeds for use in culinary preparations either fresh or preserved in the fresh state.

    Olericulture can be classified into nine different parts.

    Potherbs and greens – spinach and collards

    Salad crops – lettuce, celery

    Cole crops – cabbage and cauliflower

    Root crops (tubers) – potatoes, beets, carrots, radishes

    Bulb crops – onions, leeks

    Legumes – beans, peas

    Cucurbits – melons, squash, cucumber

    Solanaceous crops – tomatoes, peppers potatoes

    Sweet corn

    Olericulture also involves the management of these crops, in order for it to be a lucrative business for you. Proper management and care has to be given to it, in order to yield good profits.

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    2. Floriculture: it involves cultivation and the management of flowering plants and foliage plants including their uses in ornamental construct, such as flower arrangements for gardens and for florist, comprisising the floral industry. The plant breeding development of new varieties is a major occupation of floriculturist.

    Floriculture crops include: bedding plants, houseplants, flowering garden and pot plants, cut cultivated greens and cut flowers. They are mostly grown in pots, trays and baskets.


    3. Plant propagation/Nursery crop culture: this is the propagation and production of seedlings, young trees, shrubs, vines, ground covers, turf ornamental plants, and other crops in nurseries for landscaping interiors, plantscaping or outplanting.

    Types of propagation
    Sexual propagation: in sexual propagation seeds and spores can be used for reproduction (through sowing).

    Asexual propagation : in this propagation plants are produced using material from a single parent, and such there is no exchange of genetic material. Reproduction uses plant parts such as roots, stems and leaves.

    Heated propagator: a heated propagator is a horticultural device to maintain a warm environment for seeds and cuttings to grow..

    Seed propagation mat: this is a heated rubber mat covered by a metal cage which is used in gardening. The mats are made so that planters containing seedlings can be placed on top of the metal cage without the risk of starting a fire.

    4. Landscaping horticulture
    This is the branch of agriculture which includes: the design, construction and care of landscapes. Taking into consideration proper choice of plants, and are aesthetic effects for homes, businesses and public places.

    5. Pomology
    This is the branch of horticulture which deals with fruit crop production. Food crops are grown for their edible fruits which as a rule are consumed raw.

    Pomological research is mainly focused on the development, enhancement, cultivation and physiological studies of fruit trees. The goals of fruit tree improvement include enhancement of fruit quality, regulation of production periods, and reduction of production cost. One involved in the science of pomology is called a pomologist.


    So, for those who are interested in horticulture, you can choose any of the branches listed above, and make sure to set up a good management skill to yield meaningful results. I hope it's really helpful
     

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