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How To Start Production Of Casava Chips In Nigeria

Discussion in 'Production Business' started by Celestina Angel Serome, Aug 3, 2019.

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  1. Celestina Angel Serome

    Celestina Angel Serome Administrator Staff Member

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    Casava chips business is a lucrative new business idea in Nigeria. Casava chips is a product derived from casava. Casava is a crop that is widely consumed by people all over the world, and Nigeria is the largest producer of casava worldwide; they are also known for the Exportation of casava. It is no doubt that the cultivation of this crop provides economic benefits to the producer. Casava can be used to produce other edible food products like; garri, fufu, starch, pellets and chips.

    Cassava chips are unfermented white dried products of cassava with an average diameter of 3mm – 5mm often used as a carbohydrate base in the animal feed industry particularly in Europe, or milled into flour for other uses such as in the production of ethanol, cakes, dough nut and biscuits.


    The demand for Cassava Chips as an industrial product is wide. It cuts across so many industries such as distilleries,
    pharmaceutical, food and most especially the animal feed industry.

    The Demand for Casava Chips

    Local feed producers are now placing orders for chips at an unprecedented rate because they have suddenly realized it’s efficacy in compounding feeds. About three ethanol plants are coming up soon in the country and that will further increase the demand for chips. China imports enormous quantities of chips and starch and they look up to Nigeria as the world largest producer of Cassava for their supplies.

    The EU Animal Feeds Industry is the biggest consumer and importer of the product because of their large animal husbandry industry.


    How to produce casava.

    1. Peeling: Production of Cassava chips starts with the peeling of the cassava. Peeling can be done mechanically or manually. Mechanical peelers peel as much as 2,400 – 2,500Kg per hour with a wastage rate of 30-40% while manual peeling does 22Kg per man hour and wastage of 20-25%.

    Mechanical peelers are problematic because of the non-uniform nature of the cassava roots and the irregularity in size which make smooth peeling difficult. Also, the thickness of the skin, the texture and the strength of adhesion to
    the flesh of the tuber differ from specie to specie thereby making over-peeling and under-peeling possible. As a result of these problems, processors prefer manual peeling for now till the mechanical is
    perfected.

    2. Washing: The peeled tubers are thoroughly washed to remove all dirt and sand that may adhere to them. Export requirements insist that sand content should not be more than 2%.

    3. Chipping: The washed tubers are carted to the chipping machines where they are chipped into small chips of about 1-2 centimetre thickness and 6-7 cm long. The sizes at times depend on the prescription of the order.

    4. Drying: The wet chips are taken to the Rotary Dryer where they are dried to 12-14% moisture content.

    5.Bagging: they are then weighed and bagged in 50kg polypropylene bags and stored.

    After completing all of these processes, you can export your products and make your profits.
     

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